In OPC UA, all communication is based on service calls, each consisting of a request and a response message. These messages are defined as data structures with a binary encoding and listed in Generated Data Type Definitions. Since all Services are pre-defined in the standard, they cannot be modified by the user. But you can use the Call service to invoke user-defined methods on the server.
The following service signatures are internal and not visible to users. Still, we present them here for an overview of the capabilities of OPC UA. Please refer to the Client and Server API where the services are exposed to end users. Please see part 4 of the OPC UA standard for the authoritative definition of the service and their behaviour.
Most services take as input the server, the current session and pointers to the request and response structures. Possible error codes are returned as part of the response.
typedef void (*UA_Service)(UA_Server*, UA_Session*, const void *request, void *response); /* Services in the Session Service Set have a different signature */ typedef void (*UA_SessionService)(UA_Server*, UA_SecureChannel *, UA_Session*, const void *request, void *response);
Discovery Service Set¶
This Service Set defines Services used to discover the Endpoints implemented by a Server and to read the security configuration for those Endpoints.
Returns the Servers known to a Server or Discovery Server. The Client may reduce the number of results returned by specifying filter criteria
void Service_FindServers(UA_Server *server, UA_Session *session, const UA_FindServersRequest *request, UA_FindServersResponse *response);
Returns the Endpoints supported by a Server and all of the configuration information required to establish a SecureChannel and a Session.
void Service_GetEndpoints(UA_Server *server, UA_Session *session, const UA_GetEndpointsRequest *request, UA_GetEndpointsResponse *response); #ifdef UA_ENABLE_DISCOVERY # ifdef UA_ENABLE_DISCOVERY_MULTICAST
Returns the Servers known to a Discovery Server. Unlike FindServer, this Service is only implemented by Discovery Servers. It additionally returns servers which may have been detected through Multicast.
void Service_FindServersOnNetwork(UA_Server *server, UA_Session *session, const UA_FindServersOnNetworkRequest *request, UA_FindServersOnNetworkResponse *response); # endif /* UA_ENABLE_DISCOVERY_MULTICAST */
Registers a remote server in the local discovery service.
void Service_RegisterServer(UA_Server *server, UA_Session *session, const UA_RegisterServerRequest *request, UA_RegisterServerResponse *response);
This Service allows a Server to register its DiscoveryUrls and capabilities with a Discovery Server. It extends the registration information from RegisterServer with information necessary for FindServersOnNetwork.
void Service_RegisterServer2(UA_Server *server, UA_Session *session, const UA_RegisterServer2Request *request, UA_RegisterServer2Response *response); #endif /* UA_ENABLE_DISCOVERY */
SecureChannel Service Set¶
This Service Set defines Services used to open a communication channel that ensures the confidentiality and Integrity of all Messages exchanged with the Server.
Open or renew a SecureChannel that can be used to ensure Confidentiality and Integrity for Message exchange during a Session.
void Service_OpenSecureChannel(UA_Server *server, UA_SecureChannel* channel, const UA_OpenSecureChannelRequest *request, UA_OpenSecureChannelResponse *response);
Used to terminate a SecureChannel.
void Service_CloseSecureChannel(UA_Server *server, UA_SecureChannel *channel);
Session Service Set¶
This Service Set defines Services for an application layer connection establishment in the context of a Session.
Used by an OPC UA Client to create a Session and the Server returns two values which uniquely identify the Session. The first value is the sessionId which is used to identify the Session in the audit logs and in the Server’s address space. The second is the authenticationToken which is used to associate an incoming request with a Session.
void Service_CreateSession(UA_Server *server, UA_SecureChannel *channel, UA_Session *session, const UA_CreateSessionRequest *request, UA_CreateSessionResponse *response);
Used by the Client to submit its SoftwareCertificates to the Server for validation and to specify the identity of the user associated with the Session. This Service request shall be issued by the Client before it issues any other Service request after CreateSession. Failure to do so shall cause the Server to close the Session.
void Service_ActivateSession(UA_Server *server, UA_SecureChannel *channel, UA_Session *session, const UA_ActivateSessionRequest *request, UA_ActivateSessionResponse *response);
Used to terminate a Session.
void Service_CloseSession(UA_Server *server, UA_SecureChannel *channel, UA_Session *session, const UA_CloseSessionRequest *request, UA_CloseSessionResponse *response);
Used to cancel outstanding Service requests. Successfully cancelled service requests shall respond with Bad_RequestCancelledByClient.
/* Not Implemented */
NodeManagement Service Set¶
This Service Set defines Services to add and delete AddressSpace Nodes and References between them. All added Nodes continue to exist in the AddressSpace even if the Client that created them disconnects from the Server.
Used to add one or more Nodes into the AddressSpace hierarchy.
void Service_AddNodes(UA_Server *server, UA_Session *session, const UA_AddNodesRequest *request, UA_AddNodesResponse *response);
Used to add one or more References to one or more Nodes.
void Service_AddReferences(UA_Server *server, UA_Session *session, const UA_AddReferencesRequest *request, UA_AddReferencesResponse *response);
Used to delete one or more Nodes from the AddressSpace.
void Service_DeleteNodes(UA_Server *server, UA_Session *session, const UA_DeleteNodesRequest *request, UA_DeleteNodesResponse *response);
Used to delete one or more References of a Node.
void Service_DeleteReferences(UA_Server *server, UA_Session *session, const UA_DeleteReferencesRequest *request, UA_DeleteReferencesResponse *response);
View Service Set¶
Clients use the browse Services of the View Service Set to navigate through the AddressSpace or through a View which is a subset of the AddressSpace.
Used to discover the References of a specified Node. The browse can be further limited by the use of a View. This Browse Service also supports a primitive filtering capability.
void Service_Browse(UA_Server *server, UA_Session *session, const UA_BrowseRequest *request, UA_BrowseResponse *response);
Used to request the next set of Browse or BrowseNext response information that is too large to be sent in a single response. “Too large” in this context means that the Server is not able to return a larger response or that the number of results to return exceeds the maximum number of results to return that was specified by the Client in the original Browse request.
void Service_BrowseNext(UA_Server *server, UA_Session *session, const UA_BrowseNextRequest *request, UA_BrowseNextResponse *response);
Used to translate textual node paths to their respective ids.
void Service_TranslateBrowsePathsToNodeIds(UA_Server *server, UA_Session *session, const UA_TranslateBrowsePathsToNodeIdsRequest *request, UA_TranslateBrowsePathsToNodeIdsResponse *response);
Used by Clients to register the Nodes that they know they will access repeatedly (e.g. Write, Call). It allows Servers to set up anything needed so that the access operations will be more efficient.
void Service_RegisterNodes(UA_Server *server, UA_Session *session, const UA_RegisterNodesRequest *request, UA_RegisterNodesResponse *response);
This Service is used to unregister NodeIds that have been obtained via the RegisterNodes service.
void Service_UnregisterNodes(UA_Server *server, UA_Session *session, const UA_UnregisterNodesRequest *request, UA_UnregisterNodesResponse *response);
Query Service Set¶
This Service Set is used to issue a Query to a Server. OPC UA Query is generic in that it provides an underlying storage mechanism independent Query capability that can be used to access a wide variety of OPC UA data stores and information management systems. OPC UA Query permits a Client to access data maintained by a Server without any knowledge of the logical schema used for internal storage of the data. Knowledge of the AddressSpace is sufficient.
This Service is used to issue a Query request to the Server.
/* Not Implemented */
This Service is used to request the next set of QueryFirst or QueryNext response information that is too large to be sent in a single response.
/* Not Impelemented */
Attribute Service Set¶
This Service Set provides Services to access Attributes that are part of Nodes.
Used to read attributes of nodes. For constructed attribute values whose elements are indexed, such as an array, this Service allows Clients to read the entire set of indexed values as a composite, to read individual elements or to read ranges of elements of the composite.
void Service_Read(UA_Server *server, UA_Session *session, const UA_ReadRequest *request, UA_ReadResponse *response);
Used to write attributes of nodes. For constructed attribute values whose elements are indexed, such as an array, this Service allows Clients to write the entire set of indexed values as a composite, to write individual elements or to write ranges of elements of the composite.
void Service_Write(UA_Server *server, UA_Session *session, const UA_WriteRequest *request, UA_WriteResponse *response);
Used to read historical values or Events of one or more Nodes. Servers may make historical values available to Clients using this Service, although the historical values themselves are not visible in the AddressSpace.
#ifdef UA_ENABLE_HISTORIZING void Service_HistoryRead(UA_Server *server, UA_Session *session, const UA_HistoryReadRequest *request, UA_HistoryReadResponse *response);
Used to update historical values or Events of one or more Nodes. Several request parameters indicate how the Server is to update the historical value or Event. Valid actions are Insert, Replace or Delete.
void Service_HistoryUpdate(UA_Server *server, UA_Session *session, const UA_HistoryUpdateRequest *request, UA_HistoryUpdateResponse *response); #endif
Method Service Set¶
The Method Service Set defines the means to invoke methods. A method shall be a component of an Object. See the section on MethodNodes for more information.
Used to call (invoke) a methods. Each method call is invoked within the context of an existing Session. If the Session is terminated, the results of the method’s execution cannot be returned to the Client and are discarded.
#ifdef UA_ENABLE_METHODCALLS void Service_Call(UA_Server *server, UA_Session *session, const UA_CallRequest *request, UA_CallResponse *response); # if UA_MULTITHREADING >= 100 void Service_CallAsync(UA_Server *server, UA_Session *session, UA_UInt32 requestId, const UA_CallRequest *request, UA_CallResponse *response, UA_Boolean *finished); #endif #endif #ifdef UA_ENABLE_SUBSCRIPTIONS
MonitoredItem Service Set¶
Clients define MonitoredItems to subscribe to data and Events. Each MonitoredItem identifies the item to be monitored and the Subscription to use to send Notifications. The item to be monitored may be any Node Attribute.
Used to create and add one or more MonitoredItems to a Subscription. A MonitoredItem is deleted automatically by the Server when the Subscription is deleted. Deleting a MonitoredItem causes its entire set of triggered item links to be deleted, but has no effect on the MonitoredItems referenced by the triggered items.
void Service_CreateMonitoredItems(UA_Server *server, UA_Session *session, const UA_CreateMonitoredItemsRequest *request, UA_CreateMonitoredItemsResponse *response);
Used to remove one or more MonitoredItems of a Subscription. When a MonitoredItem is deleted, its triggered item links are also deleted.
void Service_DeleteMonitoredItems(UA_Server *server, UA_Session *session, const UA_DeleteMonitoredItemsRequest *request, UA_DeleteMonitoredItemsResponse *response);
Used to modify MonitoredItems of a Subscription. Changes to the MonitoredItem settings shall be applied immediately by the Server. They take effect as soon as practical but not later than twice the new revisedSamplingInterval.
Illegal request values for parameters that can be revised do not generate errors. Instead the server will choose default values and indicate them in the corresponding revised parameter.
void Service_ModifyMonitoredItems(UA_Server *server, UA_Session *session, const UA_ModifyMonitoredItemsRequest *request, UA_ModifyMonitoredItemsResponse *response);
Used to set the monitoring mode for one or more MonitoredItems of a Subscription.
void Service_SetMonitoringMode(UA_Server *server, UA_Session *session, const UA_SetMonitoringModeRequest *request, UA_SetMonitoringModeResponse *response);
Used to create and delete triggering links for a triggering item.
/* Not Implemented */
Subscription Service Set¶
Subscriptions are used to report Notifications to the Client.
Used to create a Subscription. Subscriptions monitor a set of MonitoredItems for Notifications and return them to the Client in response to Publish requests.
void Service_CreateSubscription(UA_Server *server, UA_Session *session, const UA_CreateSubscriptionRequest *request, UA_CreateSubscriptionResponse *response);
Used to modify a Subscription.
void Service_ModifySubscription(UA_Server *server, UA_Session *session, const UA_ModifySubscriptionRequest *request, UA_ModifySubscriptionResponse *response);
Used to enable sending of Notifications on one or more Subscriptions.
void Service_SetPublishingMode(UA_Server *server, UA_Session *session, const UA_SetPublishingModeRequest *request, UA_SetPublishingModeResponse *response);
Used for two purposes. First, it is used to acknowledge the receipt of NotificationMessages for one or more Subscriptions. Second, it is used to request the Server to return a NotificationMessage or a keep-alive Message.
Note that the service signature is an exception and does not contain a pointer to a PublishResponse. That is because the service queues up publish requests internally and sends responses asynchronously based on timeouts.
void Service_Publish(UA_Server *server, UA_Session *session, const UA_PublishRequest *request, UA_UInt32 requestId);
Requests the Subscription to republish a NotificationMessage from its retransmission queue.
void Service_Republish(UA_Server *server, UA_Session *session, const UA_RepublishRequest *request, UA_RepublishResponse *response);
Invoked to delete one or more Subscriptions that belong to the Client’s Session.
void Service_DeleteSubscriptions(UA_Server *server, UA_Session *session, const UA_DeleteSubscriptionsRequest *request, UA_DeleteSubscriptionsResponse *response);
Used to transfer a Subscription and its MonitoredItems from one Session to another. For example, a Client may need to reopen a Session and then transfer its Subscriptions to that Session. It may also be used by one Client to take over a Subscription from another Client by transferring the Subscription to its Session.
/* Not Implemented */ #endif /* UA_ENABLE_SUBSCRIPTIONS */